Modes of HIV transmission and prevention
•HIV and the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrom• •Prevention of HIV infection•Jan 25, 2006
HIV illness is a std (STD). Just like other STDs, HIV propagates bidirectionally and appears to be sent from man to female and female to male with greater effectiveness (up to three-fold) via male to female. Even though the majority of sexually transmitted instances reported in the us occur through male gay activity, heterosexual transmission is among the fastest growing modes of transmission reported in the United States and it is the primary method of disease acquisition in several African countries, where male-to-female prevalence proportions are about 1 . one particular: 1 . Selected cofactors will be associated with a greater risk of obtaining HIV disease. Among homosexual men, receptive anal sex and exposure to a large number of different sexual lovers are the most critical risk elements. Activities which may lead to destruction of the anal mucosa, such as rectal douching, manual transmission of the butt (" fisting" ), and concomitant ulcerative STDs, improve the likelihood of disease acquisition.
Insertive rectal sex, fellatio, and ingestion of semen are associated with HIV transmission to a lesser degree. The likelihood of heterosexual acquired disease increases using a higher range of sexual associates, contact with intravenous drug users (IVDUs), prostitution, sexual practices that damage vaginal or perhaps rectal mucosa, and my old history of other STDs. Female-to-female transmission has been reported by means of orogenital get in touch with. Prevention
Disuse is the simply absolute means of preventing sex acquisition of HIV infection. People who have been involved in a mutually monogamous relationship since the mid-1970s are at incredibly low risk of acquiring disease; however , the assurance that both companions have continued to be " faithful” is sometimes difficult to confirm. In most...